Balochistan’s Neglected Archaeology

The archaeology and cultural heritage of not only Kech-Makran but also the entire archaeology of Balochistan is neglected.


Kech-Makran is considered to be the southwestern maritime division of the Kalat State, Balochistan. It is a trans-migrational route of South-Central Asia and it has witnessed several movements in the region.

Similarly, this region developed highly advanced cultures that are unique in the world. Furthermore, if we have a glance at the exact geography of Kech, it is situated in a central location, connecting the Iranian plateau, on the one hand, and the Indian plateau on the other.

It also joins the Middle East and southwest Asia to Central and South Asia. Besides, it formulates the adjoining marine outlook for the landlocked states of Central Asia.

Additionally, the nature of the area is the contrast of a green oasis and river valleys with the mountainous ridges and hard salty desert. Similarly, the nature of the people is believed to be the same. They are considered to be simple, nomadic and living a village – cultural type of a life.

Nomadism, however, emphasises the sources of tribalism and feudalism in the region. Historically, most of the people have been nomadic, semi-nomadic, and camel nomadic people and the same exists in some of the Kech-Makrani regions in the present time.

Kech is believed to be incredibly rich in the field of archaeology because it has witnessed numerous invasions. Alexander the Great and his army in 327 BC is a case in point. In this respect many archaeological excavations and research have been conducted. Research was first carried out by a Brit named Major Mockler. The process continued until late 2006 by Frenchman Roland Besenval.

After much research and excavations, the findings, the objects and the remains suggested that these people were technologically advanced and they had a developed social structure.

This is known due to the signs and symbols of some of the aspects of their domestic life because the domestication of plants and animals was practiced. It is, nonetheless, not well – known that how their physical features were, what characteristics they had, what faith they believed in, and what particular cultural norms the practiced.

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Overall, the valued fact in the particular study is that the Miri settlement flourished in 6,000 BC and it survived till the Islamic era. On the other hand, the archaeology and cultural heritage of not only Kech but also the entire archaeology of Balochistan is neglected.

Thus, the archaeology and the cultural heritage of these regions need special interest so that 8,000 years of history is saved and the people are aware of their genuine heritage.

Imran Shabir Baloch is a research scholar at Taxila Institute of Asian Civilizations, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad.